Agriculture merely had been like magic with human minds and its tool, ICT. It is in practice since dawn of human civilization and it is basis to human life. Many countries in the world had progressed much in agriculture and Information and Communication Technology (ICT) played key role to make it happen. While we don’t see strong position of Nepalese Agriculture in ICT.
Why Youth ignore agriculture?
We are limited on natural way of farming. It’s hectic when we don’t get more than we sow. So, its time to change our range form human labour to ICT. Lets feed the world by what we browse.
So, here we need ICT to change people’s perception regarding farming and view it as an exciting, serving and innovative sector. Certainly ICT can deter young people away from stereotypes of traditional farming.
Status of ICT in Nepalese Agriculture:
Though this ICT was already familiar in developed countries, we are on the preliminary stage of using ICT in Nepalese Agriculture. Agriculture looks different today – our farmers are using GPS and you can monitor your irrigation systems over the Internet.
We can count uses of ICT in Nepalese Agriculture in our fingers. In last decades there are TV, Radio programs to help farmers.We had few agriculture based smart phone apps like “Smart Krishi”, “Krishi Ghar”. We can browse the prices of vegetables in Kalimati Bazar from our smart phones today. Yeah some are using GPS while some are using ICT in extension services. But we still need a giant leap with ICT.
ICT, how we can make it happen in Nepalese Agriculture?
Race had begun to prioritize ICT for Development and the race is between private sectors in Nepalese Agriculture. Some possible uses of ICT can be:
- Many land are kept fallow due to shortage of labour and capital and on the other hand some people are in search of land. So keeping records of large farming land along with its edaphic properties in internet can help possible stakeholders to use them properly in lease.
- Since agriculture is sector of high risk and uncertainties, mobile SMS system can be boon in remote villages of Nepal where people grow different crops and valuable products. They will be informed about weather, disease and markets value so; they can cope up with any uncertainties. It will also provide them with cost of necessary items for cultivation like seeds, fertilizers etc.
- Farmer can put any queries regarding their cultivation through video calls with experts. It can be best Extension methods for proper dissemination of knowledge. Farmer can set time for regular discussion.
- Effective use of GPS can help farmer in map-making, geo fencing and surveying. It help farmer to sow seeds in even spacing.
- Geographic Information System (GIS) has great scope in Nepal to design and layout field before cultivation. It saves time and labour and gives out accurate designing.
- Establishment of call centers can help boost our traditional agriculture. Government or Agricultural University can either establish it. It will help agricultural students to share their knowledge as well.
- Online selling and buying of agro-products. It helps to seek market and fix price easily. It can be great efforts for farmers and consumers too.
- Data collection and monitoring and evaluation (M&E) are a vital part of development work. We can effectively use smart tools to collect data in survey. It only saves our time only, but increases accuracy too.
These are only some way of getting information through computer technology. But the future of Nepalese agriculture lie on these tools and one day everything (information, evaluation and work), will be done by drones and robot for us.
|ICT Tools||Level of implementation||Level of easiness for implementation|
|Mobile SMS System||Limited (2,3 Districts)||High|
|Video Calls||Not Followed||High|
|Database of Lands||Zero||High|
|Data Collection||Partially used||Easy and High SR|
|Online Market||Informal||Easy and has high scope|
|Call Centers||Zero||Easier and High success rate|
|GIS||Limited||Easy and useful|
|Precision Farming||Zero||Low but highly useful|
Table 1.0 ICT, its level and ease for implementation.
Its time to act:
Its time to manoeuvre and raise our country. Everything in this sphere is changing and so our culture and agriculture.
Nepal, an agricultural country where 2/3rd of its population’s occupation is agriculture and 1/4th of its population still lie below poverty line. So, its time to change these statistics and status with ICT. The ultimate goal of farming is not the growing of crops, but the cultivation and perfection of human beings.
Really the world seems out of imagination. Lets implant technology in our farmers mind. Aye we youth can change.