Category: Agriculture
Family Farming: An Urgency
Nirmala Katuwal Chettri and Anjali Shrestha
Student | Agriculture and Forestry University

With the beginning of human existence, gradually farming was all about what people had to do for survival. And today is also the same but the way of farming has been changed. As the time passed on, human found alternative source of livelihood. Some are involved in education sector, some industrial services and others. Now only few are left behind. For this reason the commercial agriculture began to meet demand of all. With the discoveries and advancement in science and technology the world is being urbanized and people want to engage in other sector rather than agriculture. Although the trend of agriculture is being transformed into commercialization from subsistence type globally but family farming still survives hugely in our country as an option of livelihood of more than 83% of population living in rural areas.

family farming in nepal

Family farming is a means of organizing agriculture, forestry, fisheries, pastoral and production which is managed and operated by family and predominantly reliant on family labor. Family farming involves all the family based agricultural activities and it’s directly linked to rural development and it is predominant form of agriculture in food and production sector too. Sustainable food security involves strengthening the livelihood security of all members within a household by ensuring both physical and economical access to the balance diet including the needed micronutrient, environmental sanitation, safe drinking water, basic health care and primary education. In such case family farming can play a vital role to meet food security. It equally assists on conservation of agro biodiversity using agro biological resources and traditional knowledge based farming system. It provides nutritious and balance diet to the family that makes farm family healthy and strong.
Family farming offers an effective and economic solution to meet the challenges making sure that every person had has access not just to calories but to nutritious food. Beside nutrition supply and food security, it is good source of income. In addition it contributes to retain socio cultural identities and also reduce environmental pollution and soil erosion. It usually adopts organic method of farming which insists on maximum utilization of locally available resources. Family farming links agriculture and food with wider issue gender, migration and environment. Family farming is not only the source of food, fodder, fuel, medicine, spices herbs flowers construction materials and income but it is also important for in-situ conservation of wide range of unique genetic resources for food and agriculture. Family farmers are the custodians of biodiversity, a key asset for sustaining their livelihood. They are intrinsically linked to their society communities and landscapes, transmitting their knowledge skills, practices and technologies from one generation to another generation. This plays a major role in use and conservation of our natural resources. Thus family farming is much broader issue than just providing food.farming

With the commercialization in agriculture, agricultural products are quantitatively more but unfortunately they are not of good quality. With a motive to supply more so as to fulfill the demand of consumers, producers have become totally unconscious about health of consumers here in our country. A laboratory test conducted at Kalimati fruits and vegetable market –the largest center of vegetables in the Kathmandu Valley, by Ministry of Agriculture Development (MOAD) had found that most sought-after vegetables and fruits supplied to valley contained over 90 % pesticide residue while the acceptable limit is only 35%. Through the investigation the fact has been revealed that the level of toxicity in the vegetables available in market is in such a level that our body cannot withstand. It is sad to hear such news but this is the bitter truth. Despite knowing that such vegetables are harmful for their health, people urban areas have been forced to buy the vegetables which contain abundant pesticide residues due to lack of availability of organic vegetables. Most of them have such view “If you eat vegetables which contain pesticides residues, you will die of food poison. And if you do not eat, you will die of hunger. Pesticides-free vegetables and fruits are not easily available as their production is very low. If we continue to consume inorganic vegetables, certainly our country is going to have a large number of ill and inactive people in the future. Hazardous use of chemicals in the name of increasing quantity production is not the only solution to fulfill the demand of consumers. But this condition is prevailing in urban areas. On the other hand the ever encroaching crush of urbanization is being a major cause for disappearance.

mountain farming
After being a major way of livelihood family farming is in the phase of declination and extinction in rural areas as youth with the zeal of earning money fly abroad leaving behind the old aged parents and children at home. They have the notion that farming is not prestigious occupation. Agricultural land is being turned into marginal land these days. Rural people also spend remittance to buy food from market as their enthusiasm on farming has declined. And a great tragic is that the food in market are unhygienic. There are many cases of chronic health disorders due to consumption of poisonous vegetables. Hence the concept of family faming is emerging nowadays and its importance is being realized greatly.
Along with huge importance of family farming, farmers are particularly vulnerable to risks from diseases pest drought flood unpredictable rainfall and other external shocks including those induced by climate change. There is lack of policies, innovation, practices that support family farming. There is necessity of ways to address the need of family farming with a new approach new technology combined with indigenous knowledge of farmers.

Photo Credit: Tanka Khatri

गरिब मार्ने च्याउ !

बिषालु च्याउ खाएर वर्षमा  २०-३० जनाले ज्यान गुमाउने र सयौ बिरामी हुने तथ्य छतर दुर्गमका कैयन मरेका वा गाउँ घरमै उपचार गराउनेका तथ्य अघि आउन सक्दैन। अनेक दुर्गतिले मरेको खबरहरु जस्तै बिषालु च्याउ खाएर मरेको खबरहरु पत्रिकाको कुना काप्चामा आई रहेको हुन्छ। अरु दुर्घटना भन्दा बिषालु च्याउको कारण हुने दुर्घटनाको पृष्ट भुमि र शोक भिन्न र पिडा दायक हुन्छ। बिषालु च्याउको, अज्ञानताबस, तरकारी पकाइन्छ त्येसैले प्राय एकै परिवार धेरै सखाप हुन्छन्। गाउँ नै शोकमा डुब्छ। श्रवन १४ गतेको समाचार पढेर मेरो मन सार्है अमिलो भो र केही तथ्यको खोजि गरी यो ब्लग लेखेको छु।


Snapshot : Nagarik News

किन बिषालु च्याउ खान्छन् होला?


नेपालमा च्याउको उपयोग प्राय हल्का जाडो, जंगल र गरिबी भएको ठाउँमा हुने गर्द छ।च्याउको उपयोग हाम्रो समाजमा हजारौ वर्ष अघि देखि गरिदै आएको हो। ब्राह्मण समाजमा धेरै समय च्याउ बर्जित भए पनि (अहिले खान थालेका छन्) अरु धेरै जात जातिले च्याउको सदुपयोग गर्दै आएका छन।च्याउमा हुने प्रोटिन लगायत पोसाक गुणको कारण यसलाइ “गरिबको मासु” पनि भनिने रहेछ।दुर्भाग्यबस नेपालमा अझै पनि चरम गरिबी छ।उनीहरुलाई खेतिपातीले वा रोजगारीले वर्ष भरि खान पुग्दैन। कतीलाई त खेत बारीमा उब्जेको खाने कुराले ६ महिना मात्रै पुग्छ।एक दिन भोको बस्न नसक्ने ज्यानले जेनो तेनो अर्को ६ महिना पुराउन बडो मुस्किल सहनु पर्छ।त्येसैले उनीहरु मौसम अनुसार छेउको बन/पाखा खोला/खोल्सामा उम्रेने अनेक प्रकारका च्याउ, गिट्ठा, भ्याकुर, तरुल, सिस्नु, लटे,निहुरोआदि जंगली खानेकुरा खाएर गुजारा गर्छन। हुन त हामी सप्पैले कुनै न कुनै तरिकाले यस्ता खानेकुराहरुको सेवन गरेका हुन्छौ। बजारमा पनि फाट्ट फुट्ट जंगली खानेकुरा (३० प्रजातीका च्याउ ! )राखेका हुन्छन् जस्को हाम्रो जीवनमा छुट्टै महत्व छ। तर नखाई नहुने र सोखले खानेमा धेरै भिन्नता हुन्छ। भोकको डाहा मर्न घाँस सम्म खाने मान्छेहरु फ्याट फुट्ट सुनिन्छ। सोच्दा पनि कस्तो भयाभव लाग्छ त्यस्तो कुरा। घाँस खानु भन्दा त अलि मिठो च्याउ गिट्ठा खानु कती बेस जस्तो लाग्ने !बिषालु र खान हुन च्याउको फरक छुटाउन यो सम्बन्धि ज्ञान चाहिन्छ।कतीले त अलि अलि बिस लागेको पचिहाल्छ भनेर जना जान नै बिषालु च्याउ खन्छन् र दुर्घटना हुन्छ। भोकको अघि कसैको चल्दैन।तर के “गरिबलाई मार्ने” च्याउ खानबाट रोक्नै सैकिदैन र ! सकिन्छ तर सम्बन्धित पक्षको जागरुकता हुनु पर्छ।

wild mushroom

नेपालमा च्याउको ज्ञान

गाउँ गाउँमा च्याउको पहिचान गर्न हजारौ वर्ष सम्म एक पछि अर्को पिंडीमा आएको रैथाने ज्ञान महत्व पूर्ण हुन्छ।तर अनेक सामाजिक जीवन सैलीको परिवर्तनले त्यस्ता ज्ञान सम्पूर्णरुपमा नयाँ पिंडीले पाउंदैन र प्रायलेअज्ञानतामा बिषालु च्याउ सेवन गर्छन्। भाग्यबस अनेक बैज्ञानिक र अनुसन्धान कर्ताहरुले नेपालको च्याउ सम्बंदी अनुसन्धान गरेका छन् र रैथानेसंग कुराकानी गरेर बहुमुल्य ज्ञान सुरुक्षित गरेका छन्।

नेपालको भू-बनोटको कारणले गर्दा यहाँ अनेक किसिमका च्याउ पाइन्छ।२०२५ थरीका नेपालमा पाइने अनेक च्याउ प्रजाति मध्य ३२ वटा प्रजाति त नेपालमा मात्रै पाइन्छ।११५० थरीका च्याउमा अध्ययन पनि भै सकेको छ।ति सबै मध्य ११० प्रकारका खान योग्य च्याउ छन्, १०० प्रकारका बिषालु च्याउ छन् र ७३ प्रकारका औसधि जन्य च्याउ छन्। अन्य २० थरीका सजावटमा पनि प्रयोग गर्न सकिन्छ रे!


ज्यान बचाउन के गर्न सकिएला

-सर्ब प्रथम त च्याउका अनेक गुणहरु प्रति समाज र ब्यबसाई सजग हुनु पर्यो। आर्थिक कोणबाट पनि च्याउ लाभबर्दक हुन सक्छ। जागरुक गराउन तर्फ सम्बन्धित पक्षले ध्यान दिनु पर्यो।यसले ज्यान जोगाउने मात्रै होइन च्याउ खान चाहने तर डराउनेहरुको लागि पनि त्यस्ता पोस्टर जानकारीमुलक र सहारा हुन सक्थ्यो। आखिर च्याउ पोसिलो चिज पो हो त।

  • ११० प्रकारको खान हुने च्याउको रंगिन चित्र भएको पुस्तकमा छुट्टयाउन सक्ने तरिकालेछापेर गाबिसबाट च्याउ खाने परिवारहरु सम्म पुराउन सके सम्भावित भयावहबाट जोगाउन सकिन्थ्यो कि ! (प्रयास नभएका भने हैनन्) तर अचेल त धेरैले च्याउ खान्छन् ! च्याउ खानु सरिर र वातावरणको लागि पनि राम्रो कुरा हो। त्यसैले सप्पैलाइ च्याउको बारे जागरण फैलाउनु आवश्यक छ।
  • तत्कालको लागि च्याउ च्याउखाने समुदायका मान्छे धेरै हुने बिध्यालयहरुमा खान हुने र नहुने च्याउ छुट्टाउन सक्ने सिपको साथ साथ त्यस्ता सरल पुस्तक, पोस्टर उपलब्ध गराउन सकिन्छ कि !
  • गाविसले गरिब ठहराएको परिवारलाई सित्तैमा र अन्यलाइ पैसालिएर वितरण गर्न सक्ने व्यबस्ता मिलाउनु पर्छ!
  • नेपालका खान हुने र नहुने च्याउका रंगिन र सित्तैमा हेर्न र छाप्न सकिने पुस्ताका इन्टरनेटमा/फेसबुकमा राखे चाहनेले आफै पनि त केहि जान्न सक्छ!
  • बिना ज्ञान जंगलबाट ल्याएको च्याउ खाएर मारिने हो कि भन्ने डर कता कता सबैमा पक्कै हुन्छ।त्यस्तो बेला यस्ता ज्ञान र पुस्तक काम लाग्लान्।

रोजगारीको अवसर

प्राय गरिबलाई निसाना बनाउने बिषालु च्याउ सम्बन्धि ज्ञान फैलाएर यसैलाई आर्थिक रुपान्तरणको औजार पनि त बनाउन सकिन्छ।हालसालै नेपालमा च्याउ खेति व्हात्तै बढेको छ।तर धेरैको ध्यान दुई प्रमुख प्रजातिहरुमा मात्रै छ जब कि बर्षा याममा पोखरा र काठमाण्डौ जस्ता सहरका बजार मै ३० प्रजातिका ब्यबसाईक र जंगली च्याउ पाइदो रहेछ। भौगोलिक बनावटको कारण नेपालमा अनेक किसिमका च्याउ उत्पादन गर्न सकिन्छ। नेपालमा मात्रै पाउने च्याउको उपदान गर्ने तरिका विकसित गरेर च्याउमा चासो राखने पश्चिमी देसहरुमा र पुर्बीय देशहरुमा व्यापार गर्न सक्ने राम्रो अवसर पनि रहेछ।


प्रमुख कुरा बिषालु च्याउका कारण आगामी दिनमा क्रुर लाग्ने घटना नघटोस भनेर शिक्षित वा जानकार गराउने काम हुनु पर्छ। सबैलाई च्याउका बहुमुल्य उपयोगकोबारे जानकार गराउन सके सस्तोमा पौस्टिक खाने कुरा खान वा च्याउलाई आर्थिक स्रोतको साधन बनाउन सकिनेथ्यो।

Reference :



सम्पूर्ण जानकारीइन्टरनेटमा प्राप्त नेपालमा १४ जनवरी, २०१४ मा भएको “च्याउ सेवन र बिसको खतरा” सिर्सकमा भएको बैज्ञानिक भेलाको आधार लेखिएको हो। म आफै सो सम्बन्धि धेरै जानकार नभए पनि आवस्यकता लगेर छोटो अध्ययनको आधारमा लेखेको हुँ।

ICT-a major breakthrough in agriculture

The government while presenting its policies and programmes last week, announced “a decade of agriculture revolution”. This news was quite catchy; at least they are doing something to drag the agricultural outcome out of misery. So, the plan is to prioritize contract farming, promote farm mechanization and cooperative-based farming to enhance production, quite impressive. But there’s something that is really missing in this policy. Had there been the commitment for “promotion of ICT in agriculture”, somewhere in that policy, it would have added glitter to the gold. ICT (Information and communication technology) plays more than a role of an extension staff when it comes to agriculture. And the best thing about ICT is its rising access to the public. Even at the far-flung regions of the country in recent years, people are privileged with mobile phones, radios and television services. But the disappointing fact is that the government and the concerned ministry are still quite unable to unravel the potential of ICT. ICT promotion has never been a major agenda for the enhancement of agriculture in our country so far, while other agro-based countries have increased their pace of development of agricultural sector via ICT promotion. India, for example, has already tasted a bite of the success through ICT culture in agriculture in recent years.

ICT in agriculture Nepal

Amidst the exodus, where the country is suffering landslide brain drain with around 1400 youngsters leaving the country each day, in pursuit of secure future, we are losing human resources along with the prodigious talents at the same time. ICT, at this chaotic situation, could act as a mentor for the farmers left in the country to carry out nitty-gritty agricultural operation in a very effective way. It has been a couple of decades since the information and communication technology was introduced in Nepal, not a very long time though, but the exponential growth of it has helped to flourish these communication medias all over the country and have become dearer to public from child to the older one. The pace of this technology has already outrun the era where one had to stand on a line of even hundreds, sometimes, to make a phone call or had to gather at the house of so-called mukhiyas to watch a favourite program on TV, or wait for reply of a letter for months from their dearer ones. These days one can simply dial the keys on the mobile phone taking out of the pocket to contact anyone s/he cares or wait for Skype to connect to the computer on the other side. Television and radio service along with internet facilities are something that people take for granted these days. These communication tools have gained sensational popularity among general public.

Analyzing ICT out-reach

It was 1950, when the radio Nepal, the first radio broadcast of Nepal was established (“Seven Decades of Radio Listening in Nepal” by Shekhar Prajulee). ‘Awaj’ the first daily news paper of Nepal was published in Falgun 8, 2007 from Kathmandu. Television in Nepal started with the establishment of Government owned ‘Nepal Television’ in January 1985. According to the Nepal Telecommunication Authority MIS May 2012 report, there are 7 operators and the total voice telephony subscribers including fixed and mobile are 16,350,946 which give the penetration rate of 61.42%. The fixed telephone service account for 9.37%, mobile for 64.63%, and other services (LM, GMPCS) for 3.76% of the total penetration rate. Similarly, the numbers of subscribers to data/internet services are 4,667,536 which represents 17.53% penetration rate. Most of the data service is accounted by GPRS users. Twelve months earlier the data/internet penetration was 10.05%, thus this represents a growth rate of 74.77%.
As of 30 September 2012, Nepal has 1,828,700 Facebook users. According to 2011 census, the percentage of households possessing radio was 50.82%, television 36.45%, cable TV 19.33%, computer 7.23%. According to the Press Council Nepal, as of 2012 there are 2038 registered newspapers in Nepal, among which 514 are in publication. Nearly 350 FM radio stations are in operation in the country. Of all the media, radio has the largest coverage and reaches the largest number of rural people. In essence, the literacy rate has reached 65.9% which could further affect the successful spreading of these communication tools. It’s just a matter of years now, that this technology will penetrate every nooks and corner of the country.

Transforming agriculture through ICT

While debating about the issues in agriculture, middleman often gets in the middle of it. And obviously market these days has been a safe haven for clique of the middleman who indulges himself in the lucrative business, depriving both farmers and the consumers of fair price. Government, each year, declares to distribute tons of fertilizers and seed to the farmers for free but just a handful of farmers get the opportunity to pack some sacks to their fields while the middleman, out of nowhere, manages to hide away the other bundles of these free products and sales with hefty price tags on it. Sarcastically, unless these middlemen get into their business the yields at the farmer’s fields get rotten, since the communication of those farmers with the market is very poor. There appears to be a colossal sink hole as a communication gap. Whether it is the farmers and the consumers or the government and the farm owners, the connection is nominal.

ICT in Agriculture Nepal

[Picture source :Anish Shrestha @ Krishi Ghar . Krishi Ghar established library and information center in Kavre district providing services to rural farmers]

Bewildered farmers out there seek to get some knowledge about these changing patterns of climate, they want somebody to tell them what’s going on, why the monsoon this year arrived late, why they are left behind with a very little amount of what they deserve, why they are unable to harvest the amount of their sweats. They want somebody to teach them how to improve the yield, how to cope these changing patterns of seasons, how to get started with, say, mushroom culture or poultry farm or establish a new orchard or grow vegetable in a commercial way. They want advice but the concerned authority and the government is unable to answer those calls. The government officials assigned for each agriculture office to address the farming community are found to be waiting for the sun to set and doing nothing whereas the farmers are left alone in the fields with the same old traditional methods of farming. There is a dire need of something that could act as a link between these factors. Information and communication technology (ICT), in this regard, could bridge the existing gap between the government, farmers and the consumers.

When a farmer thinks of harvesting the yield after maturity s/he tune in to the weather forecast to harvest it accordingly. Why not to extend this custom? Why not to use the telecom service to render the authentic agri-news at the right time for each of the subscriber? Why not to start a new television channel broadcasting agricultural news 24/7 or publish a couple of separate pages in the newspaper? Hotline number service for farmers like that of telecom service could be effective. Farmer could be benefitted not just with the weather knowledge but also with the other myriad knowledge of agricultural operations like, amount of fertilizer that should be applied, time and method of application, irrigation techniques, and feasibility of certain vegetation in the respective region. Moreover, farmers could detect the market price of different products in no time. Only if they are provided with right information at right time, the existing obstacles in agriculture could be mitigated. And the solution lies within the effective use of ICT. Messaging services or phone call to a hotline number could be used as an interactive tool to address the problems of these farmers. This culture of interaction between the consoler and general public via telephone or messaging has already proven to be quite effective. To take few as an example, Hello sarkar, 197, dial 100 along with other services have already proved their feasibility to some extent. And recently some new innovations in ICT culture like an android app called IFA-Krishi Nepal and an instant messaging service called “HATH HATH MA SUCHANA” provided by Krishi Ghar have been introduced which has been viewed as a potential innovation to interact with the farmers. These types of innovations should be provided with funding and encouraged in the future. The effective use of these communication tools like the SMS service, Skype, android apps, Facebook, blogs, hotline number, and online services in delivering agro-based messages could fulfill the slot of desperately migrating manpower and could help eventually reach the apogee of contemporary farming.
If the country is to bring a real change in agricultural sector it needs to act in collaboration with these communication Medias and of course the youths and build up a solid bond between researchers, innovators and the farmers, delivering each of the feasible innovations from these skilled personnel from the research labs to the field through ICT. Declaring “decade of agriculture revolution” won’t just help to bring about a revolutionary change in agriculture, we need to put all the efforts and leave no stone unturned to reach the motto. So, it’s high time that the definition of agriculture should be transformed to agri-ICT-culture.

रामपुर क्याम्पसमा वातावरणमैत्री आई.पी.एम. पाठशाला

कृषि तथा पशु विज्ञान अध्ययन संस्थान, रामपुर क्याम्पस, चितवन मा अध्ययनरत बि.एस.सी. कृषि छैंठौ सत्रांतका विद्यार्थीहरुद्वारा रामपुर क्याम्पसमै २० हप्ते एकीकृत शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापन (आई.पी.एम.) पाठशाला संचालन गरिएको छ | वातावारमैत्री आई.पी.एम. पाठशाला नामक एक बालि अवधिभर संचालन हुने एकीकृत शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापन (विद्यार्थी)-कृषक पाठशाला का मुख्य श्रोत व्यक्ति का रुपमा रेशम खेति विकास अधिकृत तथा अनुभवी आई.पी.एम. प्रशिक्षक श्री लेखनाथ अधिकारी तथा कृषक आई.पी.एम. सहजकर्ता श्री बासुदेव पोख्रेल रहनुभएको छ | यहि चैत्र २९ गते २०७० शनिवार बिउ रोपेर उद्घाटन गरिएको यस कार्यक्रम मा सभापतिको रुपमा यस पाठशाला का संयोजक दिपेन्द्र कुमार ऐर, प्रमुख अतिथि तथा क्याम्पस प्रमुख श्री श्यामसुन्दर पन्त लगायत अन्य अतिथिहरुमा जि.वि.स. कृषि विभागबाट माधब प्रसाद उप्रेती, किटविज्ञान तर्फका प्रा.डा.रेशमबहादुर थापा, यमप्रसाद अधिकारी, माटो विज्ञान तर्फका प्रा.डा. केशव पाण्डे लगायत अन्य ४२ जना को उपस्थिति रहेको थियो |

IPM course in IAAS, Rampur, Chitwan.

Inauguration of the 20 week long IPM course.

“ बिभिन्न एकीकृत शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापन प्रविधिहरुको उपयोग तथा राशायनिक बिशादिहरुको न्युनतम प्रयोग गर्नसकिने तथा नगर्नुपर्ने भनि सिकाइने यस वतावारमैत्री आई.पी.एम. पाठशालामा ३६ जना विद्यार्थीहरु तथा ५ जना स्थानीय कृषक हरुको सहभागिता रहनेछ | बिगतका बर्षहरुमा हुने गरेका एकीकृत शत्रुजीव व्यवस्थापन कृषक पाठशाला हरुमा कृषकमात्रै को सहभागिता रहने गरेको भएता पनि यस बर्ष विद्यार्थीहरुको आफ्नै पहल तथा स्वयम् खर्च मा संचालित यस पाठशालामा कृषकहरुको व्यवहारिक ज्ञान तथा अनुभव र विद्यार्थी तथा बिशेषज्ञ हरुको ज्ञानको सम्मिश्रण रहेको हुँदा अहिलेसम्म हुने गरेका पाठशालाहरु मध्ये यो पाठशाला बढी प्रभावकारी रहने ” बताउनुहुन्छ पाठशाला संयोजक तथा वि.एस.सी. कृषि छैठौ सत्रांतका विद्यार्थी दिपेन्द्र कुमार ऐर | यस पाठशालामा लगाइने मुख्य बालीमा पाली जातको प्रथम पुस्ताको तिता करेला रहने र अन्य परिक्षण बालिका रुपमा फर्सी (सर्लाही हरियो),काँक्रा (मालिनी), लौका (नामघारी), चिचिंडा (धदिंगे स्थानीय), घिरौला (सोनाली), अन्य तिन जातका करेलाहरु (सेतो, टप टु टप, झालरी) रहने बताइएको छ | बिगतमा नेपाल सरकार तथा विश्व खाध्य संघ र संयुक्त राष्ट्र विकाश कार्यक्रम को सहयोगमा चल्ने गरेका कार्यक्रमका लागि अहिलेसम्म विद्यार्थिहरुलाई न त कृषि विकाश कार्यालय बाट सहयोग प्राप्त भएको छ न त जि.वि.स. बाट नै, न त क्याम्पसबाट न त नवस्थापित कृषि तथा वन विज्ञान विश्वविद्यालय बाट नै तैपनि विद्यार्थी आफै पैसा उठाएर अहिलेसम्म संचालन गरिरहेका छन् |उक्त कार्यक्रमको पूर्ण बजेट ८०,००० भन्दा बढी छ | एस्तो कार्यका लागि सरकार तथा विश्वविद्यालय, तथा अन्य जुनसुकैले सहयोग गरेर प्रोत्शाहन गर्नेहो भने साच्चै नै हाम्रो देश कृषिमा आत्मनिर्भर मात्र नभई व्यवसायिक समेत बन्नेछ | जुनसुकै संस्था भएपनि कार्यक्रमको उद्देश्य हेर्ने हो भने यस कार्यक्रमलाई सहयोग किन नगर्ने ? आखिर एस्तो किन ? के कृषि विश्वविद्यालय ले यस्मा सहयोग गर्नुपर्ने होइन र के यो कार्यक्रम संचालन गर्ने दायित्व शैक्षिक संस्थाको तथा कृषि संग सम्बन्धित सरकारी कार्यालयको होइन ? यदि हो भने खै त ?

IAAS IPM group photo

Group photo including the teachers, students and farmers involved in the field school.