ICT is often used as an extended synonym for IT. But is more specific term that stresses the role of unified communication, and the integration of telecommunication (telephone lines and the wireless signals). Computers as well as necessary enterprises software middle ware, storage and audio visual system, which enables the user to excess store and manipulate.
The term ICT is also used to refer to the convergence of audio visual and telephone networks through a single cabling or link system.
As everyone knows the agriculture is the important aspect for the human survival. Nothing in this world goes over the agriculture. With increasing population the food security is the major concern now a day. Every nation in this world, trying to increase their productivity to fulfill the food demand of people. So many researches in agriculture has been carried out for increasing productivity. The research results new type of materials or cultivation practice which should be extended to the farmers so that they can use the practice to increase productivity. so to extent the new practice here extension work here is done by the ICT. Information and communication have always mattered in agriculture. Ever since people have grown crops, raised livestock, and caught fish, they have sought information from one another. What is the most effective planting strategy on steep slopes? Where can I buy the improved seed or feed this year? How can I acquire a land title? Who is paying the highest price at the market? How can I participate in the government’s credit program? These are the question that arises in the mind of farmer the answers of these questions are developed or we can say solved by the agriculturist or agriculture scientist these answers are accessible to farmer through ICT. Producers rarely find it easy to obtain answers to such questions, even if similar ones arise season after season. Farmers in a village may have planted the “same” crop for centuries, but over time, weather patterns and soil conditions change and epidemics of pests and diseases come and go. Updated information allows the farmers to cope with and even benefit from these changes. Agriculture is facing new and severe challenges in its own right.
Filling the stomachs of the growing population is only one reason agriculture is critical to global stability and development. It is also critical because one of the most effective ways of reducing poverty is to invest in and make improvements in the agricultural sector.
Given the challenges, the arrival of information communication technology (ICT) is well timed. The benefits of the green revolution greatly improved agricultural productivity. However, there is a demonstrable need for a new revolution that will bring lower prices for consumers (through reduced waste and more-efficient supply chain management), contribute to “smart” agriculture, and incentivize farmers (for example, through higher income) to increase their production. Public and private sector actors have long been on the search for effective solutions to address both the long- and short-term challenges in agriculture, including how to answer the abundant information needs of farmers. ICT is one of these solutions, and has recently unleashed incredible potential to improve agriculture in developing countries specifically. Technology has taken an enormous leap beyond the costly, bulky, energy-consuming equipment once available to the very few to store and analyze agricultural and scientific data. With the booming mobile, wireless, and Internet industries, ICT has found a foothold even in poor smallholder farms and in their activities.
But what exactly are ICTs? And can they really be useful and cost-effective for poor farmers with restricted access to capital, electricity, and infrastructure? First, an ICT is any device, tool, or application that permits the exchange or collection of data through interaction or transmission. ICT is an umbrella term that includes anything ranging from radio to satellite imagery to mobile phones or electronic money transfers. Second, these ICTs and others have gained traction even in impoverished regions. The increases in their affordability, accessibility, and adaptability have resulted in their use even within rural homesteads relying on agriculture. New, small devices (such as multifunctional mobile phones and nanotechnology for food safety), infrastructure (such as mobile telecommunications networks and cloud computing facilities), and especially applications (for example, that transfer money or track an item moving through a global supply chain) have proliferated. Many of the questions asked by farmers (including questions on how to increase yields, access markets, and adapt to weather conditions) can now be answered faster, with greater ease, and increased accuracy. Many of the questions can also be answered with a dialogue—where farmers, experts, and government can select best solutions based on a diverse set of expertise and experience. In order to exploit the possibilities the country has two tasks:
1. To empower poor farmer with information and communication assets and service that will increase their productivity and income as well as protect their food security and livelihood
2. To harness the ICT’s effectively to compete in complex rapidly changing global markets(avoiding falling behind the technology curve)
ICT is very much important in Nepalese agriculture ,as we know the ICT is the main and quick method or media for producers where they easily find the solution of their problems. As we know the agriculture development in Nepal is poor because of lack of the new research in the agriculture field. Even the results of few research held in research center can’t be accessible to the farmers/producers . The main reason of low accessibility is due to lack of development in ICT . With development of ICT the agriculture also goes up. Some farmer’s in Nepal don’t even know the new invention in agriculture practises and still using the primitive method of cultivation with low productivity. If ICT would have been fully developed the farmer would have produced more increasing his life stander .so the development of ICT is very important for the improvement of agriculture in Nepal.
Thus, ICT is an umbrella term that includes anything ranging from radio to satellite imagery to mobile phones or electronic money transfers. The agriculture always need information about updated cultivation material and practice due to changing weather and different insect, pest infestation in the crops ,which is controlled by the new practice developed in the research center .The information about the new evolution in research center is obtained by farmer through means of ICT. If the Nepalese agriculture is not to be developed and is to be continued in the primitive way with declining productivity there is no so much importance of the ICT but if the Agriculture is to be developed in high productive manner the ICT is very important. So there is a great use of ICT in Nepalese agriculture development.