Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU)
Nepalese agriculture is itself in the phase of making taste of new mechanizations and new technologies n Agriculture System. Still acres of our soil in country is dependent over the oxens and the wooden plough. It is being a subject of concern for the people working in sectors of agriculture development that we are still in the conventional phase of farming?
In this miserable era of feeding lots of heads from limited land without adopting new methods of cultivation , Nepalese farmers are still struggling to be able in subsistence level of farming. Beside, the aspect of food demand , for instance we can take Nepalese farming practice as a sound example of Eco-friendly cultivation practice, isn’t it?
Ploughing, harrowing and planking of land fragments is making soil more fine but in other hand carbon issuance from the deep ploughed land is another problem due to modernization in agriculture system. In conventional practices, using wooden plough make rarely 10cm deep spots in soil but using MB plough( a modern ploughing tool) can make upto 30 cm deep spots. This condition directly results in loss of moisture from soil surface and also the death of many advantageous soil microbes and organisms like earthworm.
We can take other example too, Using dung manure( which we generally called “BHAKAARE MAAL” in Nepali) it neither harmed soil status nor killed any microbes of soil but instead it is completely free of many disadvantages like nitrogen toxicity that is common problem in modern granules fertilizers.
Nowdays, Mulching is rarely practiced in commercial farms because it seems a bit tedious job but actually, Mulching is among the top ways for preserving moisture status of soil so as in increasing the organic content.
The theme is that, We all are in need of more grains and more production but we mustnot forget about the beneficial traditional methods of farming too.
It is wiser to adopt advantageous practices like mulching, using dung manure along with commercially available fertilizers. We all do know that we must make our soil sustain for cultivation but in practical level few among few farmers are found to be working with soil in balanced way.
We should always keep in our mind that, modernization is not the word denoting about the sacks of chemical fertilizers, whats wrong in adopting eco-friendly cultivation practices along withthe moto of increasing production in sustainable ?
Modernization is not just adopting new things of market, but it should be better than that of yesterday. For making better tomorrow it will be better to adopt modern technologies with better practices of yesterday,, None of the sound cultivation practices that we used to follow in past days should not be left behind.We all should be dedicated for a sustainable tomorrow..Kudos!!!