Articles Tagged with: AYN

Shweta Adhikari and Shreena Pradhan

Agriculture and Forestry University, Chitwan

Agriculture in Nepal has for so long been dependent on rainfall. A drought year brings along
famine with it while a deluge year brings along diseases and destructions of crops. Either way,
rain-fed farming isn’t a safe bet for a country as under-nourished and food-insecure as ours.

Considering these conditions, a permanent solution of providing the plant optimum water is a
must. Plants can be well watered not only through irrigation but by protecting them from further
loss. Mulching has been mentioned in the video as a method not to provide water, but to save it
from the soil. And rain water harvesting has been mentioned as a solution to uneven distribution
during drought period.

Drip irrigation, whose information hasn’t made it into the short video is a new technique taking
the rural part of Nepal by storm recently. It provides right amount of water to the right part and
at the right time. This not only ensures water prevention but also effective use of limited water.

Another method mentioned in gist in the video is the using of sewage processed water in agricultural
fields. This ensures minerals are recycled back into the nature.

We made this video for an assignment from an organization we volunteered for. Looking back, we’ve
realized a lot of things we didn’t know a year ago. And irrigation scenario isn’t all we’re lacking on.
It’s about video making, using of the internet, using social media and fully expose to ICT. Back then, we
weren’t as adept not only in sharing knowledge but also acquiring it. We didn’t realize what a vast
platform the internet is.

One more realization we had was that the only way to learn is by initiating first. Making mistakes
and lacking coordination is the best initiator of learning. We now know what vast opportunities are
open ahead of us for leaning and exposing. We’re glad to have done this mediocre first attempt for
we’re now more flexible to changes and more accepting of new challenges.

#Blog Entry:16″Role of ICTs in Nepalese agriculture”-Sameer Pokhrel

It always needs two to tango. Communication is the basis for the modern science, technology, literature, arts and all other fields. But the pith of the matter these days is how broadly we communicate.

Information Communication Technology

Image Credit:

What is ICT
Information and communication Technology (ICT) is the advanced form of global communication. This technology includes computer network, telephone networks, wireless technology, Global Positioning System (GPS), Geographic Information System (GIS), computer controlled devices, mobile applications, e- learning, e- commerce, computer aided design and so on. In broad sense, it helps user to access, store, transmit and manipulate the information. These days, ICT has been applied in many fields globally.

Role in Agriculture


Image Credit: Sanjay Dhakal /YPARD

Agriculture no more is family oriented. It demands commercialization. It has claimed itself as one of the leading business of the world. Every crop we grow today is finally weighed with its monetary value. Of course, Agriculture is profit oriented. Each and every activities related to agriculture including sowing, irrigation management, fertilizer management, pest management, harvesting, storage, food preservation, food safety, food marketing and lots of other minor to major ones requires the knowledge of ICT. Today a farmer can get a ton of fertilizer on a single click of an “OK” button, a consumer can demand for quintals of corn grains just by clicking a “YES” button. And of course, ICT made it possible.

Agro-meteorological information is like appendage to successful agriculture. Agro-outputs are highly dependent upon meteorological information. E-learning is simply inevitable. A single crop you grow can alter the global economy if you know the nub of the agriculture.
In gist; transformation from spade to computer gives a great taste in agriculture.

Status in Nepal

Last 5 decades, Information and Communication has taken a huge leap in Nepalese context. According to Nepal Telecommunication Authority its total user has reached 85.6% up to mid Dec 2014. Telecommunication penetration rate has been increased by 12.88% in 1 year. Similarly internet penetration rate has reached 38.09%. That means no house is away from the touch of communication. Even a 4 and half years child across the country would show the sense of déjà vu towards radio and television.
Thanks to those achievements, however its use in the agriculture is a recent concept. KRISHI KARYAKRAM from Nepal Television (NTV) possibly is the one to get its feet wet. Recently the few smart phone application like Krishi Ghar , Smart Krishi have let the cat out the bag. Kudos to the KISSAN CALL CENTRE initiative by Agricare Pvt.Ltd. However ICT in Nepal is just a neonate.


Surfing on internet is immature till these days. Mobile phones are meant just to call relatives and text them.
People generally follow the subsistence agriculture and is seldom profit oriented. Moreover, they follow the same traditional pattern as hand over by their fore fathers. That’s why they show apathy towards such matters. Farmers often tend to make their farm a sort of museum growing everything they thought of. Ironically, success stories are monoculture based in present world. Farmers think computer as a rocket science and none of their business.
Brain drain is massive. According to the Government of Nepal migrant worker has soared to 480,990 this fiscal year. Only old aged and illiterate people are assigned to deal agricultural affairs.

Possible solutions

65% people are involved in agriculture. A single achievement could bring a huge change in the economy. Well, being realistic,a television channel dealing with the agricultural affairs is highly recommended. A toll free number to contact an expert should be mandatory in each telephone networking system of Nepal. Motto should be there about the control of brain drain. Online marketing is crucial; provision should be there to promote such sectors. Timely information on Agro-meteorological condition could bring an enormous change. A farmer can manipulate cropping pattern or a crop itself based on that information. Digital touch between national and international agencies can play a great role. A success story might bring voluminous change on the vision of a farmer. In addition, e- learning should be mandatory for each agricultural college. The problem of what I want to call black hole, is severe in Nepal, yes the Middle men. The chasm between the cost at which farmer sales and the ultimate consumer buys is huge. To lower this, proper tuning between the farmer and the consumer is necessary. For which ICT could play a major role.
Finally, transformation from Agriculture to Egriculture might bring change about what we think when we talk about agriculture.

What do I know about Azerbaijan?

As per notice published by Agriculture and Forestry University (Office of Registar, Students’ Welfare Committee) here is the detailed about the essay competition on “What Do I Know about Azerbaijan?”.

The Embassy of the Republic of Azerbaijan in Romania has the honor to announce the international essay competition under the theme of “What Do I know about Azerbaijan?” jointly organized by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Ministry of Youth and Sports of the Republic of Azerbaijan. The main aim of the competition is to raise the level of awareness among Romanian youth about Azerbaijan and provide an opportunity for travelling to Azerbaijan during the summer of 2015 in order to get more in-depth information about the country, its culture, history, ethnography, foreign policy and people.

Guidelines of competition

Romanian youth (pupil, students, young researchers) between 14-29 ages could participate at the competition;
Essays should be written in English language;
Essays should not exceed the 2500 words limit;
10 essays would be selected as winner and authors of the winning essays will have an opportunity to travel to Azerbaijan for 7 days during August month of 2015;
All expenses related to travel to Azerbaijan (international round-trip flight, food, accommodation, internal transportation, access to cultural places, trips to the regions of Azerbaijan) will be covered by the Azerbaijani side;
To the authors of the winning essays will be presented special gifts by the Azerbaijani authorities and the essays will be published in a special booklet.

Competition procedures and selection criteria

Required documents for submission of application are as following:

Essay on the topic “What do I know about Azerbaijan?” not exceeding 2500 words;
Application form ;
Curriculum Vitae (CV) of the applicant;
Passport and national identity card of the applicant.
Essays should be written in “times new roman” font, size 12 and include the title, author’s name, author’s mailing address, email address, and phone number on the first page of the essay.

Essays should have a reference to the literature used. All applications will be checked for plagiarism. Plagiarized essays will be disqualified from the competition.

All submissions will go through an initial screening process by several readers. Each reader will assign a rating on a scale of 1-10 (10 best, 1 worst), taking into account the following criteria: relevance to the topic; originality, depth and persuasiveness of analysis; quality of writing; thoroughness of research and style, and proper citation of sources. Bearing in mind that most of the contestants will not be native English speakers, grammar issues of the Essays written in English language will be accorded less weight. The papers with the highest average scores will be reviewed by a final panel of judges, who will agree on the winners.

Documents should be submitted to the [email protected] email with the topic of “What do I know about Azerbaijan?”. Incomplete applications won’t be accepted. The essays should be sent as a MS Word file document.

Deadline for submission of applications is 30 April 2015 date.

The winners of the competition will be announced at the end of the June month of 2015.

The trip to Azerbaijan and rewarding ceremony of the winners will be organized in August month of 2015.

Sample topics

The essays could be written at any topic concerning Azerbaijan. However, the following topics could be suggested:

– Nagorno-Karabakh conflict: myths and realities;

– Haydar Aliyev: national leader of Azerbaijan;

– History, art and culture of Azerbaijan;

– Population, language, customs and religion of Azerbaijan;

– Role of Azerbaijan at system of international relations;

– Cooperation between Azerbaijan and Romania: history and perspectives;

– Oil and gas strategy of Azerbaijan;

– Economic development model of Azerbaijan – comparison with global economies;

– Khojaly massacre.

Post Source : Embassy of Republic of Azerbaijan

#AYNFS 3rd April: Can we realize the dream of evergreen revolution?

Reporter: Sandhya Gautam (g.sandhya(at)

3rd April 2015 Friday Sharing on “Sustainable Agriculture for Sustainable Future

Presenter: Dhiraj Bhatta (b.dhiraj (at)
Agriculture and Forestry University (AFU), BSc Agriculture, Third Semester

The presenter, Dhiraj Bhatta started his presentation on the topic ‘Sustainable Agriculture for Sustainable future’. He started his presentation with ‘Green Revolution‘ and ended with a question ‘Can we realize the dream of evergreen revolution?‘. He shared about organic farming, permaculture, tillage systems,effects of conventional farming and chemical inputs to the soil and the crops.The presentation depicted the hazards of chemical fertilizers and pesticides which are excessively being used in modern agriculture. It also gave some alternative measures of plant nutrition, plant protection ,use of farm power which may be helpful in making agriculture self sustaining. After that there was discussion session where the participants shared their ideas and vision to increase the food production and some of them raise their queries about organic farming and the use of chemical fertilizers. The program ended with a conclusion that we can’t shift completely towards organic farming completely stopping the use of chemical fertilizers but we can make the vision of sustainable agriculture come true by reducing the use of chemical fertilizers bit by bit.